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The United Nations says international diplomacy is important to end the Syrian conflict

The UN Special Envoy to Syria has said that international diplomacy is important to end Syria’s 10-year war and bring together major nations with influence over the conflict, including the United States, Russia, Iran, Turkey It is important to establish a new format. , Arab states and the European Union.

Geir Pedersen told the Security Council on Monday that Syria is “one of the deepest internationalized conflicts of a generation, with many issues that matter most to Syria, not even in Syrian hands.” After a recent visit to Russia, Syria and Turkey and virtual talks with other parties on how to advance a political process, he said it believed it was time for “quiet diplomacy”. “In time, we may need to try to put in place new means of international discussion, a new international format for necessary diplomacy and cooperation,” Mr. Pederson said in his virtual briefing to the Council from Geneva.

Later speaking to journalists, he said that he had not yet decided on a format, but “it is important that we set up this new international format in such a way that it exposes all the various parties whose Effect on conflict. ” Russia, Iran, Turkey and the US are militarily involved in Syria and must join a new international effort, in addition to members of the Arab states, the European Union and all five Permanent Security Councils, which will annex China, Britain and France.

Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, several high-level meetings have been designed to stop the fighting and direct Syria to a political transition. Destinations include Istanbul, Paris, Rome, Vienna and Geneva, including “Friends of Syria” and “London 11.” Such as names are included. In 2016 it was the “International Syria Support Group”. Nobody has left a lasting impression.

Mr Pedersen said there are still “early days” for the Biden administration and that more in-depth discussion with all sides is necessary before launching a new international format.

He said, “It is important for me that it is essential for all these actors to seriously understand and develop Syrian policy, which is based on the fact that none of them can determine the consequences of the Syrian conflict.” is.”

Calling it a “solemn anniversary”, Mr Pedersen said that the Syrian conflict, which has seen an estimated 500,000 deaths, is “nearly the length of World War I and World War II combined”. “The Syrian people are among the biggest victims of this century,” he said. “They have dragged their middle-income country back into de-development and destitution in a way that it will take to rebuild.” Mr Pedersen pointed to corruption, mismanagement, and the economic downturn that have left nine Syrian nine people living in poverty.

In the midst of this tragedy, Mr Pedersen said, the “silver lining” has become one: the front lines have not shifted for a year since the cease-fire in northwest Syria and “relatives have calmed down”. In the Syrian context, this means shelling and rocket fire along contact lines, airstrikes from Syria and foreign parties, violent unrest and action by terrorist groups.

“The greatest danger of all is that fragile calm unravels, leading to a new typhoon of all-out conflict and all this will mean for Syria, the region and beyond,” he said. “The second danger facing Syria is that even if not calm, the deadlock persists for a long time – and the Syrian people face a new decade of frustration, despair and despair.” Mr Pedersen said the Syrian people should negotiate a compromise in the Syrian-led process called by the United Nations to implement the Security Council resolution accepted in December 2015, peace in Syria in Geneva on 30 March 2012 Approved 30 March 2012 for United Nations, Arab League, European Union, Turkey and all five Permanent Security Council members.

This amounts to the establishment of a transitional governing body, followed by the drafting of a new constitution and concluding with UN-supervised elections.

But Mr Pedersen said, “I am confident that they will not progress much if a constructive international diplomacy in Syria does not support the Syrian-led process.” With very little trust and a lack of trust among the Syrians and among the major international rivals, he said, a path “” you must first ‘be found around the syndrome characterized by much diplomacy on Syria. “” What is needed is to identify with realism and precision – and to implement from Syrian and international players in parallel, reciprocal and reciprocal step-by-step, step-by-step “Mr. Pedersen said.

He said he discussed his thinking on how to break up issues into component parts “and step into lockstep to make steady progress during recent visits and conversations”.

Mr. Pedersen said that upon releasing and unblocking progress for detainees, kidnappers and missing persons, “an important human gesture, an important confidence-builder, a signal for all Syria, and in the context of international diplomacy There will be a circuit-breaker. ” “He said that the movement” could be a building block of inter-Syrian cooperation “when the impasse was broken to draft a new constitution.

Mr. Pedersen said that the sixth round of talks between the government and the opposition needed to be different than before.

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